The messiah in Isaiah 53:10 is said to offer his soul in restitution for Israel:
And the Lord wished to crush him, He made him ill; if his soul makes itself restitution, he shall see children, he shall prolong his days, and God's purpose shall prosper in his hand.*
"Restitution" is an unusual rendering of the Hebrew usually translated as "sin offering", yet it reflects significant insight into the history of the fall and still-future rise of messianic Israel. These are the meanings associated with restitution:
1. reparation made by giving an equivalent or compensation for loss, damage, or injury caused; indemnification.
2. the restoration of property or rights previously taken away, conveyed, or surrendered.
3. restoration to the former or original state or position.**
The loss requiring restitution dates back nearly 2,000 years.
Rome destroyed national Israel. Nero Caesar set in motion this process when he dispatched forces to quell a revolt in Judea in 67 C.E. Rome destroyed the Jewish Temple in 70 C.E. and in subsequent years exiled Jews from the Holy Land.
The Antichrist (the reborn Nero) in Revelation 13:1 arises with the power of Rome to restore national Judaism, which is described as the image (or vision) of the beast.
In gematria, 666 (Revelation 13:18) is the numerical value of "NERON KESAR", the Greek transliteration of Nero Caesar. "Neron Kesar" was the term used in the eastern portion of the Roman Empire as found on coinage from the period.
Nero is portrayed as both destroyed and savior; the Antichrist transformed from a negative figure to a positive one through a divine mystery. The pagan historian Suetonius cites contemporary predictions Nero would reign over (a presumably restored) Jerusalem:
"Astrologers had predicted to Nero that he would one day be repudiated, which was the occasion of that well known saying of his: 'A humble art affords us daily bread,' doubtless uttered to justify him in practising the art of lyre-playing, as an amusement while emperor, but a necessity for a private citizen. Some of them, however, had promised him the rule of the East, when he was cast off, a few expressly naming the sovereignty of Jerusalem, . . ." -- Ch. 40
Nero is the Destroyer of Israel who becomes its Restorer. God fulfills His covenant promises to the Jews through an unlikely though predictable process, demonstrating the power of transforming grace both personal and national.
God controls history and miracles.
* Judaica Press Version.