The Tabernacle/Temple system is an object lesson of salvation. The Gospel of Dual Messiahs that I advocate is rooted in this system.
The death of Jesus Christ fulfilled only part of this system, necessitating a second messiah. The second messiah must atone for the Jews. The plan of salvation is not complete.
There were two compartments, the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place, in the Tabernacle and later in the Temple that replaced it.
There were specific sacrifices associated with each compartment. A priest administered the daily sacrifice of a lamb, whose blood was sprinkled in the courtyard and inside the Holy Place. A typical priest could never enter the Most Holy Place. The High Priest alone entered the Most Holy Place once per year on the solemn Day of Atonement. Instead of a lamb, the sacrifice administered within the Most Holy Place was a goat.
The articles of furniture differed between the two compartments. The Ark of the Covenant, which contained the Ten Commandments, rested in the Most Holy Place. The Ark of the Covenant was covered by a gold plate called the Mercy Seat, on which in turn was the Shekinah (the visible presence of God) and a cherub on either side. I believe the two cherubs likely represent the two messiahs, the Sons of God.
The Ark of the Covenant represented the throne of God; the Most Holy Place represented the throne room.
The courtyard was outside the Tabernacle and later in the Temple that replaced it. Upon pain of death, Gentiles were forbidden from going beyond a certain point in the courtyard. The death of Jesus Christ as the anti-typical Lamb of God (John 1:29) opened the way for Gentile believers to enter into the first compartment of the House of God, spiritually and vicariously. This is likely why we read in Revelation 11:2, "[T]he court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles . . .".
On the Day of Atonement, the High Priest presented two goats before the Lord. One goat was slain. According to Leviticus 16:10, the other goat was released ALIVE into the wilderness, "[T]he goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, [and] to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness".
The Scapegoat was released into the wilderness by a Fit Man (verse 21). As stated, the goat is a symbol of the second messiah.
In summary, a review of the Tabernacle/Temple system indicates important differences in the calibre of the priesthood, the holiness of the compartments, and the types of sacrifices. Yet the system is a unity transcending the scope of a single messiah, Jesus Christ.
ROLE OF DUAL MESSIAHS
I believe the Bible anticipates not one, but two complimentary messiahs. Only thus can we make sense of the contradictions of religion. For example, we read in Daniel 9:27, "[H]e shall confirm the covenant with many for one week [of seven prophetic years]: and in the midst of the week [i.e., three and one-half prophetic years] he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease . . .".
Jesus satisfied only half of the required work of confirming the covenant for one prophetic week of seven years. This work can be accomplished alone by one or two messiahs, but not a community of believers who necessarily lack the salvific value of a designated Son of God.
Furthermore, Jesus did not fulfill the following conditions of Nathan's prophecy (2 Samuel 7:1-13):
1) The messiah would rebuild the Jewish Temple;
2) He would restore the Jews as a nation;
3) He would orchestrate peace between the Jews and their national neighbors such that the latter live side-by-side with the Jews in peace;
4) The kingdom he founds would last forever.
Either Jesus was a total fraud and Christianity is a sham; or, Jesus' role is limited, as prefigured in the Tabernacle/Temple system, and the plan of God is proceeding in an orderly manner that includes 1) the Restoration of the Jews after the Ingathering of the Gentiles, and 2) separate messiahs assigned to complimentary functions pertaining to Jews and Gentiles. Jesus is a "Light to the Gentiles" (Luke 2:32; Acts 26:23) in this prophetic order.
CHRISTIAN RATIONALE FOR A JEWISH TEMPLE
Far from being a denial of the salvific value of Jesus Christ, a restored Temple affirms His value. As shown, the Temple must be restored in order to host the sacrifices peculiar to the anti-typical Day of Atonement. Jesus cannot and will not return for His bride, the Church, until this is done. Like the Jews, Gentile Christians NEED the Antichrist.
ROLE OF THE ANTICHRIST
One is correct to view the rebuilding of the Temple as a sign of the Antichrist and the end of the world as we presently know it. But it is not correct to think of the Antichrist as the opponent of Jesus Christ.
"The Antichrist" is the proper title of the legitimate biblical successor of Jesus Christ. In the first century when the New Testament was written, the prefix "anti-" had two meanings: 1) opposed to; or 2) in the place of (but not necessarily opposed to). The meaning in the latter sense was associated with a vicegerent who acted on behalf and in the absence of a superior; thus, the Antichrist acts on behalf and in the absence of Jesus Christ.
The ultimate success of the first messiah, Jesus Christ, depends upon the kindred success of the second messiah. This is sufficient cause for rebuilding the Temple.